A group of researchers from the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center recently discovered a link between carbohydrates and the development of lung cancer. The study results concluded that people who eat carbohydrates deemed as having a high-glycemic index are 49 percent more likely to develop the malignancies compared to individuals who do not regularly consume these foods. These findings are more pronounced among those who are non-smokers. Cincinnati senior care providers can use the following information to decide the best course of action in terms of elderly nutrition and health.
Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load
The glycemic index scale rates foods from 0 to 100. The higher the rating, the quicker the food transforms into glucose in the blood and raises insulin levels. High insulin levels trigger growth factors that help all body cells including cancerous ones. However, glycemic index is only half of the picture. Charts also typically list a food’s glycemic load along with glycemic index. Glycemic load indicates the amount of actual carbohydrate content. Foods having ratings of 20 or above raise blood sugar levels faster than foods having a glycemic load of less than 20.
Choose Nutrient-Rich Carbohydrates
While ice cream has a relatively low glycemic index of 38, the food is not as healthy as a slice of watermelon with a glycemic index of 72. The latter also has a lower glycemic load as watermelon is mostly water. Carbohydrates that have both a high glycemic index and load include baked goods, pasta, white rice and sweet foods. They also have virtually no nutritional value. Healthy carbs include anything made with whole grains, beans, lentils and starchy vegetables. Live-in caregivers in Cincinnati should substitute foods with higher glycemic index with more nutritional foods that have fewer carbohydrates.
Increase Produce Intake
To combat the onset of lung cancer, caregivers can help seniors by preparing nutritious meals. Diets containing a large amount of fruits and vegetables decrease the risk of developing many different types of cancer. A diet rich in produce combined with lean forms of protein help supply all of the vital daily vitamins, minerals and fiber needed to have sufficient energy, encourage cell growth and reproduction while inhibiting cancer.
To ensure your loved one maintains a proper diet and regular exercise, turn to Home Care Assistance of Cincinnati. Not only do we help seniors age in place with dignity by promoting a balanced lifestyle, but we also specialize in comprehensive Alzheimer’s, stroke, and Cincinnati dementia home care. Call us today at 513.891.2273 to learn more about our home care and schedule a complimentary in-home consultation with a friendly Care Manager.